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Friday, July 5, 2013

Treatments for diabetes

Before the discovery of insulin in 1921, with diabetes type 1 died a few years after the diagnosis. Although insulin is not a cure, his discovery was the first breakthrough in the treatment of diabetes.

Today, healthy eating, physical activity and insulin injection or insulin pump are basic therapies for type 1 diabetes. The amount of insulin must be balanced with the intake of food and daily activities. Blood glucose levels should be monitored closely by the frequent blood glucose monitoring.

Healthy eating, physical activity and blood glucose tests are the basic tools of management for type 2 diabetes. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes require oral medications and insulin to control blood glucose levels.

People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. Much of the daily care involves keeping blood glucose levels from going too low or too high. When blood glucose levels drop too low from certain diabetes medicines--a condition known as hypoglycemia--a person can become nervous, shaky, and confused. Judgment can be impaired. If blood glucose falls too low, a person can faint.

Treatment of type 1 diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes must be treated with insulin shots. This involves injecting insulin under the skin -- in the fat -- for it to get absorbed into the blood stream where it can then access all the cells of the body which require it. Insulin cannot be taken as a pill because the juices in the stomach would destroy the insulin before it could work. Lack of insulin production by the pancreas makes type 1 diabetes particularly difficult to control. Treatment requires a strict regimen that typically includes a carefully calculated diet, planned physical activity, home blood glucose testing several times a day, and multiple daily insulin injections.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes: Treatment typically includes diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing, and, in some cases, oral medication and/or insulin. Approximately 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injections.

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